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 Pathirikai Tamil E-News Media

தமிழ் பத்திரிகை

Pathirikai E-News Media - Chief Editor: D. Venethethan, chiefeditor@pathirikai.com, Mob 57598919, WhatsApp 58628919

In this Edition

1. Aadi Nanaal by Mauritius Tamil Cultural Centre Trust

2. Aadi - En suivant le fleuve de la vie

3. Message Pour Aadi Padinettaam Perukku Vizhaa 2021

4. Aarumugam - The Six-Faced God

5. What is Thaali?

6. Obituary - Mr Sarangapany Sooprayen Patten

Special Aadi Issue 
August 2021

As one of the major celebration in the Aadi maasam, Aadi is celebrated this 3rd August 2021 in Mauritius by members of the Tamil community. It is one of the most awaited ceremony by married couples, specially those who recently got married and who will be doing their very first Aadi. It is common in Mauritius that for the first Aadi, the couple will stay at the wife's parents home few days prior to the ceremony. The gist of the ceremony is the changing of the yellow thread tied around the neck of the tamil wife. During this period, people will see hanging outside most shops bunch of yellow threads. of varying thickness and shades

Without any surprise, this edition of Pathirikai focuses on the Aadi ceremony. On this occasion the Mauritius Tamil Cultural Centre Trust, under its newly appointed President, Dr Adi Sankara Peruman, OSK, with the assistance of the Ministry of Arts and Cultural Heritage, recently launched a short video and an e-book depicting the celebration of Aadi. 
As one of the rich cultural practices of the Tamil community, Aadi is transferred from one generation to the next through parents and grand-parents.
The l'Union Tamoule de Maurice, which stands as the pioneer of the national Aadi celebration in Mauritius, through its former President explains to our readers the importance of Aadi. Obviously, this year, again, we won't have the national celebration at the bank of Ebene River, in Belle-Rose, due to the Covid 19 sanitary restrictions. 


The culmination of the various rituals of a wedding ceremony is the knotting of the Thaali around the neck of the bride by the bridegroom. The Thaali informs the whole world that the woman is married and should be treated with the respect due to her status. Sri Govindarajen Payaniandy Gurukkal, explains to us the meaning and importance of the Thaali, and what represent its three knots.

Aadi Nannaal by Mauritius Tamil Cultural Centre Trust

Aadi Nanaal is a short film launched by the Mauritius Tamil Cultural Centre Trust under the aegis of the Ministry of Arts and Cultural Heritage to mark the celebration of Aadi.  Aadi Pathinettam Perukku is a Tamil Festival held every year and is important for married couples. During the ceremony near river banks, the Taali thread, which married women wear around their neck, is changed for a new one, symbolising the renewal of the marital vows.

Aadi - En suivant le fleuve de la vie

By Mauritius Tamil Cultural Centre Trust


Launching of short film and e-book to mark upcoming Aadi festival

  • The Minister of Arts and Cultural Heritage, Mr Avinash Teeluck, launched, recently, in the presence of Dr Adi Sankara Peruman, OSK, President of the Mauritius Tamil Cultural Centre Trust, a short film and an e-publication on the Aadi Festival.
  • The film and publication are an initiative of the Mauritius Tamil Cultural Centre Trust, under the aegis of the Ministry of Arts and Cultural Heritage, in the context of Aadi Pathinettam Perukku to be celebrated on 03 August 2021.
  • Due to COVID-19 restrictions, they will be shared on social media platforms to ensure dissemination.
  • The short film depicts the ritual of the Festival while the e-publication features testimonies by old and young couples on the significance of this celebration.
  • The Minister of Arts and Cultural Heritage commended the Mauritius Tamil Cultural Centre Trust for their two projects which, he said, demonstrate the efforts of the organisation to meet the objectives of promoting and preserving the Tamil Culture. He lauded the creativity and quality of both the film and the publication.
  • Mauritius, said Mr Teeluck, is a multicultural and multi-ethnic country where the conservation of religious and cultural heritage and symbols of each community should be promoted so as to strengthen national unity.
  • Aadi Pathinettam Perukku is a Tamil festival held every year and is important for married couples. During the ceremony near river banks, the Taali thread, which married women wear around their neck, is changed for a new one, symbolising the renewal of the marital vows

Source: GNews, July 2021

Message Pour Aadi Padinettaam Perukku Vizhaa 2021

By Ganessen Annavee

Revoilā le temps 'd'Aadi', ce moment tant attendu dans toute la Communauté tamoule, une bouffée d'air frais, une occasion pour nous faire oublier, ne serait-ce que pour la durée d'un jour, ces moments difficiles que nous vivons depuis déjā quelque temps, avec ce souhait que le pire est derrière nous mais aussi  ce sentiment que nous ne sommes pas sortis de l'auberge.  Néanmoins, 'Aadi' conserve tout sa valeur symbolique.

     Cette célébration annuelle, qui est loin d'être excessif vu l'importance du mariage comme fondement de la société humaine, est, pour nous Tamouls, la démonstration sans équivoque de notre respect pour cette institution sacrée, voulue par le Créateur pour assurer la pérennité  du genre humain. En même temps, 'Aadi' démontre notre engagement , voire notre contribution selon nos coutumes ancestrales, envers l'effort planétaire de tout mettre en oeuvre pour que l'union bénie qu'est le mariage résiste aux assauts incessants qu'il subit de la part d'un soi-disant modernisme qui s'érige, de plus en plus, arbitrairement, avec des normes qui remettent tout en cause. 'Aadi', dans la Communauté, fait fonction de rempart contre ces tendances qui avilissent.

      Pour une fois, mettons plutôt l'accent sur l'institution 'qu'Aadi' tend à rappeler l'importance et l'indissolubilité, le mariage, que sur le symbolisme et les rituels qui l'accompagnent, sans pour autant  diminuer leurs mérites. En même temps rappeler ā ceux qui veulent se lancer dans cette grande aventure qu'ils devraient évaluer soigneusement ce qu'elle coûte, afin de s'assurer qu'ils pourront répondre ā ce qu'elle exige.

     Avoir un conjoint avec qui partager les joies et les peines de la vie est véritablement une bénédiction. Le mariage peut combler un vide causé par la solitude ou le désespoir.  Il peut satisfaire notre désir inné d'amour, de compagnie et d'intimité. Mais s'il est vrai que le mariage peut résoudre certains problèmes,  il en amėne de nouveaux. En effet, il s'agit de la fusion de deux personnalités distinctes, qui sont peut-être compatibles mais certainement pas identiques. Ainsi, même les couples assortis se heurtent de temps ā autre. Le sentiment euphorique de l'attirance que nous ressentons pour quelqu'un n'est pas un indice de ce que sera la vie de couple dans les mois et les années qui suivront. 

      Sans oublier de se rappeler que c'est très risqué de se marier trop jeune, quand les sentiments, les objectifs et les goûts continuent de changer entre la fin de l'dolescence et l'approche de la trentaine. Bien sûr, l'aptitude de se marier nest pas une question d'âge. Néanmoins, on peut avoir un raisonnement faussé et ne pas discerner d'éventuels problèmes si l'on envisage de se marier alors que n'est pas passé le stade de la jeunesse où l'attirance pour l'autre sexe est un sentiment nouveau et particulièrement fort.

      Voilā quelques propos à méditer alors que nous mettons tout en oeuvre pour célébrer dignement ce moment fort de notre calendrier culturel avec une pensée toute particulière pour ces veuves pour qui le renouvellement du 'thali' n'est qu'un souvenir,  peut-être lointain. 

   Vive le mariage!     

Oungal anaivarukkum Aadi Padinettaam Perukku Vizhaa Nalvaazthukkal

Nandri et Vanakkam.


Ganessen ANNAVEE

Former President of L'Union Tamoule De Maurice

Message du Dr Adi Sankara Peruman, OSK

Président de la Mauritius Tamil Cultural Centre Trust

Aarumugam Kadavul - The Six-Faced God

By Gopalsamy Pillay Mauree

OM SARAVANABAVA.

LORD MURUGAN Is the deity who most helps us in our personal pursuit of life. Carrying the cavadee is a yogic activity. Lord Murugan is the God of the primary cosmic energy that generates and sustains life and flows through our physical body from the spine and head regions. As such he may catalize quick and sure healing of our body or mental ills through regulation of this vital force. He is Vaishnesvara, the divine doctor, who is the mind of mystical healing. Lord Murugan’s light spear is a tool of great cosmic power to protect us and help us. Helping us to perfect our union with God Shiva is one of Lord Murugan’s greatest functions for each and everyone Since the purpose of our many births on earth is to realize our identity as Shiva, then Murugan’s help in yoga—union with God should be our most treasured gift, as It takes great intelligence, courage, skill. discipline, power and personal energy. We pray Lord Murugan to give us guidance to teach us from deep inside ourselves to actually attain the union with him. We need his stars power ----birthstar Visagam and vital star Kartigai we feel like a river of golden love and super electric force travelling up the subtle channels of the spinal column – by His Arul/grace.

He helps still the traffic of thought that is ever flowing through our mind and keeps us feeling that we are merely human and separate from God Shiva. Murugan can weave a cocoon of special light around devotees as they meditate, protecting them from bad thoughts and forces other people in the neighbourhood are projecting. Murugan helps us learn the benefit of humility so that it is easy for each one to surrender the small I into their true cosmic soul consciousness. Lord Murugan may be contacted through our strong thought and see his beautiful face in our imagination. Murugan beauty is divine attraction and any devotee can see his face. SKANDA SHASTHI KAVASAM.

We see Lord Murugan in our mind and talk to him and pray to him. Prayer is talking so someone can be very specific and detailed in praying to Lord Murugan for help and for clearer understanding of life. The best place to meet Lord Murugan is the temple of the human heart and in a temple where purity resides. Actually many building temples are administered by people of bad faith. Many bad people have made temples for money making and accumulating fame and favour to the detriment of common devotees.

Lord Murugan is also reachable in caves and on mountains where pure sanctity is maintained. Regular hour praying practice is encouraged as the Lord waits for his devotees at specific time and at specific place. Lord Murugan helps his devotee with his soul ethereal, mental, spiritual , physical, psychological bodies – all six integrated in one body but with six faces for communication and functional relationship . Praying God is relationship with pure heart and mind Spiritual learning is Murugan’s best aids to the mind.

The human body is composed of skin, muscle, bones, flesh, blood system, nerve system, organs, glands. Hurts, wounds, and sickness happen to a body of flesh and blood, but our spiritual body considers our physical body to be an energy body. It is made of energies going in slow motion where as our astral, mental, soul body are energies going faster and faster. This is the way that Lord Murugan is able to help in healing our wounds, illnesses and mental traumas. By using light and sound of soul energy, that flow into our spine, Lord Murugan changes the quality colour and mixture of our physical body energies just like the heat of a lamp is transferred to our physical body.

Thus working at a deeper level than normal medicine. Lord Murugan ‘s healing energies can create rapid and even instantaneous healing remissions and cures. However this must relate to each individual’s karma

Aarumugam Kadavul - The Six-Faced God

Erumayil eri vilaiyaadu mugam onre

Isarudan nyanamozhi pesumugam onre

Kurum adiyarrgal vinaitirrku mugam onre

Kurumadiyarrgal vinai tirrku mugam onre

Kunruruva velvaangi ninra mugam onre

Marupadu surarai vadaitta mugam onre

Valliyai manam punara vanda mugam onre

Arumuga mana porul ni arulal vendum

Adi aruna chalam amarrnda perumale

The saint poet Nakkirar had seen and talked to Lord Murugan and expressed his enlightened experience as translated in following English terms. Lord –one face of yours mounts playfully the peacock that flies around in the universe.

Lord --One face of yours preaches wisdom, true knowledge to Lord Shiva

Lord--- One face of yours removes the deeds and liberate devotees by the law of karma

Lord—One face of yours pierces the kronch mountain with your Vel

Lord---One face of yours destroys the rebellious demons, the asurans

Lord –One face of yours attracts Sri Valli’s heart in wedlock

My Lord you are known as the God with six faces

Seating magnificently at Arunachalam, Tiruvannamalai O great One.

Saint poet Nakkirinar or Nakkirar lived in the end of the Sangam age—fifth century A. D. His words in the song in praise of Lord Muruga need a deep study of philosophy, spirituality and divinity in humanity and the ideas would unfurl their true meanings in life. Worshipping the six faces of Lord Murugan should direct the devotee towards a life of righteousness - virtue in divine bliss.

The birth of Lord Muruga as celebrated by the appearance of the Visagam star in the Tamil month Vaikaassi is worth narrating for this study. Adoration of beauty—a basic trait in Tamil culture.

The Tamils lived in constant communion with nature, nature’s exquisite beauty and loveliness was a source of awe, wonder, and exhilaration to them and they instinctively lost themselves in adoration of God’s magnificent handi work. They called it MURUKU.

The meaning of this word is beauty, youth, fragrance, and immortality. The Tamils believed that God revealed Himself through nature which contained these heavenly attributes in a perfect blend. In the course of long usage. the word muruKu acquired the masculine suffix an and became Murukan which came to be applied to God. The Tamils have all been referring to Lord Shiva as Cokkan, the beautiful one—Great Saints like Appar always called Shivaperuman as God of beauty. So did St Arunakirinathar towards the handsome and youthful Lord Murugan. In Kantapuranam Murugan is represented as Lord Shiva’s son. When devatas were suffering because they had lost their divine nature by ill actions thus creating karmas for them, God had to come down from heaven to reintegrate the human body for protecting against illnesses, bad emotions like fear, hate, pain, tyranny, negative ego, violence and so on. He did this by emitting a part of his Soul in the form of six sparks of fire AGNI to be mixed with other natural elements—air through wind, water of the river, ether through space to fall on earth—the six lotus flowers—Tamarei poo- deep rooted in the soil of the Saravana pond strewn with reeds plants. The human body exists with the five elements. This is how God penetrates the human body. Sakti is the supreme energy power of God. The six sparks, the part soul of God mixed with the five elements consolidated into six human babies were taken care by six celestial female angels THE KARTIGAI GIRLS until SAKTI, came down and integrated the six babies into one body but keeping the six faces as they were. The six devis were immortalized as six stars the Kartigai who were worshipped with Lord Murukan in memory.

The first face says that Sakti is divine power in all beauty and truth, my mother. A human being should abide by this divine law. The second face says wisdom, the divine knowledge is my father Shivaperuman. Human living should live by such wisdom. The third face says that righteousness is my brother, Ganesha and virtue is my sister Jyothi, Supreme light. We are one and same. UNITY. Human beings should live in divine union. The fourth face says that mercy is my friend and I have forgiveness for all . Human beings should live in harmony pardoning all. The fifth face says that calmness –is my wife Deivaanei and peacefulness is my wife Valli. Human beings should live with love on earth to be able to live with love in Heaven. The sixth face says that a human being is divine in nature and any human being has the potential to merge with God, the eternal Creator. This is the purpose of creation—AUM. , the PRANAVA mandiram. the very essence of birth, life and death. AUMSARAVANABAVA.

The six qualities are the essentials that a spiritual aspirant must cultivate. Shiva-Shakti ---Wisdom and divine power dawn only in righteous heart and mind. This mode of living is what is required to build a constructive world in peace, justice and liberty for all creatures. Diseases, poverty, violence, unemployment wars and sorrows are all absent in this ideal world as prescribed in Thirukkural, Thiruvasagam, Thirumandiram, Bhagavargita, Coran, Bible and Dhamapada. A loving world, the purpose of the divine design.

Lord Muruga is God and praying Lord Muruga while practising a virtuous living can free this world of all diseases and sorrows.

Wishing all the best in this month of AADHI.

VETTRIVEL MURUGANUKKU HARI HARO HARA !

Gopalsamy Pillay Mauree

gparama03@yahoo.com

25th July 2021


What is Thaali?

By Sri Govindarajen Payaniandy Gurukkal

The culmination of the various rituals of a wedding ceremony is the knotting of the Thaali around the neck of the bride by the bridegroom.

The Thaali informs the whole world that the woman is married and should be treated with the respect due to her status. The Thaali also serves to remind the lady that she is somebody’s wife and is therefore subject to Stree Dharma. For these reasons, the Thaali is considered as the guardian of a married woman. Tamil women treasure the Thaali greater than even their lives.

The Thaali is actually the string, not the gold ornament attached to it, which signifies one’s Varna. The Thaali should be made of string or thread only and not of gold or other expensive material since the philosophy of the Thaali is applicable to all Hindus irrespective of their economic status in life. Also, the Thaali must be knotted three times. A gold chain cannot be knotted.

Why three knots?

The three knots signify that as a wife she is subject to her husband, his parents, and God.

THE MAANGGALYA SLOKA

The wedding Mantra

While knotting the Thaali the following Mantra will be recited.

‘’Maanggalyam Thanthu Naanena
Mama Jivana Hehthuna
Kande Pathnaami Subagay
Sanjeva Sarathas Satham!’’

It means:

‘’ This is a sacred thread. It will enable me to live well. I am knotting it around your neck. May you attain all auspiciousness and lead a successful life.’’

From the meaning it is obvious that this sloka must be recited by the bridegroom himself.


Pathirikai Tamil E-News Media
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The Online Newspaper for the Tamil Community of Mauritius

D. Venethethan

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+ B. Eng(Hons) Computer Science and Engineering
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Mr Sarangapany Sooprayen Patten

Obituary
By  Moonien Ravishay

Mr Sarangapany Sooprayen Patten also known as Sarangon, grandson of the renowned goldsmith Kaylason Patten of Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu attained motcham on 7th of July 2021. Being the eldest member and the only grandchildren of the Patten family who alone got the chance to see Kaylason Patten in person. His late parents were Moothoosamy Kaylason Patten (Muttu) and Janegee Kandasamy Pather. Born in an orthodox Porkollar Brahmin family, he joined the family business of goldsmith. 
After the demise of his father at 9 years old he kept the family tradition in the art of a goldsmith. It was in the workshop of his uncle, Nadessa Kaylason Patten previously owned by his grandfather, Kaylason at Queen Street, Port Louis where he underwent harsh mastership of goldsmith directly from Pather artisans of Tamil Nadu, who were also related to his grandfather. He excelled in the art of goldsmith with minute precision inculcated from the traditional Pather artisans. Noteworthy, he acquired the sacred artistry to embellish Thaali (marriage ornament) which was a blessing for the Pathers as this process demands extreme discipline and austerity. Most of his artistic works originated from an old book he inherited as a legacy from Tamil Nadu. 
Many old-fashioned pieces of jewellery with the highest refined cut were seen among which we find the Pathakkam, Thodu, Thaali and others. At the age of 72, he passed the marshal to his son after adorning millions of wrists, necks and ears of Mauritians with his relentless and tiresome efforts in the science of goldsmith for the past 60 years of his existence. His contributions in making Thaali for keeping the traditional fashion of doing Tamil nuptial ceremony and designing it for myriads of couples, according to their family tradition requirements made him a fundamental pillar of the Mauritian Tamil diaspora. 
He invested massively and devotedly his time along with his friends to enliven the Hindu Jana Sangam. C.Muthusawmy Pillay (Anne Som), Candasamy Anadachee, Anenden and Moothoosamy, all friends of late Mr Sarangapany Sooprayen Patten took the entire responsibility of maintaining the Krishnamurthi Draupadai Ammen Kovil (Sinnatambou) of Terre Rouge. After his grandfather, who used to be an officiated priest in the Kovil, Mr. Saragon’s name will be written in golden letters for his immense contributions to the Pather and Tamil diaspora in Mauritius. At the age of 91, this great man left his body to Siva Logam. We deeply and sincerely pray for his soul. Namasivaaya.

Aum Namoh Vishwakarma



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